ORGANIC GARDENING TIPS
This article will give you tips on how to create your organic vegetable garden, and make your garden look great.
- SOIL TESTING
Before planting anything in your garden, it is important to test your garden soil with a home testing kit. You can purchase your home testing kit at local garden centers around your neighborhood. The kits make use of a number scale from 0 to 14, and this helps you to determine the acidity level of your soil. This is popularly known as pH level of the soil. The appropriate pH level for most vegetables is 6.5, and this knowledge is important as it will prevent you from engaging in a time-wasting exercise.
- MAKE PLANS ON HOW YOU WANT TO GROW YOUR GARDEN
Before you create holes in your lawn to have your garden, there is a need to take a critical look at your property and decide the location for your garden. The location of your garden is extremely crucial, as you need to check the direction of the position of sunlight throughout the day as sunlight is critical to the survival of your plants. You will also want to pay attention to other factors such as drainage quality, proximity to the main water source, ground nature, etc.
- CHOOSE ORGANIC VEGETABLE SEEDS FOR YOUR GARDEN
Ensure you buy organic seeds for your garden from reputable seed stores, seed catalogs, home centers, and garden stores. It is important to buy seeds marked “ORGANIC” and avoid seeds that are genetically made. It is also great to grow your seeds indoors and transplant them outdoors to save costs and stress.
- CREATE YOUR COMPOST
Compost is an essential component in organic gardening that enhances the soil structure of your garden. It is an excellent source of phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen, micro and macronutrients required for the proper growth of plants in your garden. Compost also plays a significant role in the stabilization of soil moisture and pH levels that ensure the cooling of the soil during the summer months.
Compost is an amazing addition to your garden because it is an excellent source of food for wildlife as it invites fungi and insects that consume decaying matter. It also serves a calm herbicide and provides support for the regulation and control of soil erosion. It is also great for the compression of plant disease and reduces gas emissions. It also saves costs that would have been used for the purchase of commercial fertilizers, and prevent waste.
- PRESERVE AND MAKE USE OF WATER
Water conservation, recycling, and harvesting are excellent for organic gardening. For instance, recycling rainwater is an amazing method of hydrating your plants and can help you to reduce your expenditure on water bills. It also plays a significant role in the prevention of erosion and flooding and prevents storm-water runoff in your home. Rainwater is clean and free from minerals, chlorine, fluoride and possesses a lower pH level that is preferred by most plants and soil.
- CONTROL WEED
The presence of weeds in your garden can cause severe damage to your plants as they eliminate important nutrients, sunlight, moisture, and growing space required for the proper growth of the plants. Several methods can be used for the control of weeds in your garden, and these are:
Selection of high-quality vegetable seeds or transplants will help you to reduce the chances of having weeds in your garden. Another means of controlling weeds is the application of crop rotation procedure. It is also great to apply ground cover and organic mulches such as manure, grass clippings, straw, and hay for your organic garden. Use of these materials will spread the ground cover and prevent the growth of weeds in your garden.
- ENSURE YOUR GARDEN HAVE EARTHWORMS
The presence of earthworms is crucial to the success of your garden. However, the application of Vermicompost, which is a mixture of organic matter and castings of earthworm, is a high-octane form of compost that offers the soil with the required nitrogen and nutrients for proper growth. Earthworms, through their movements, aerate the soil and this enhances the soil’s access to air and drainage to ensure proper penetration of water to the deep roots of plants. They also promote the development of valuable soil bacteria and inhibit the growth of diseases and predators that spoil plants in the garden.
- KEEP TRACK OF YOUR ACTIVITIES WITH A JOURNAL
Using a garden journal will ensure the tracking of the progress of the garden, and also prepare you for the activities in the coming year. This journal will serve as a document where you write your experiences, challenges, and how you were able to provide feasible solutions to your issues.